Kidney transplant is the organ transplant of a healthy kidney into a patient with end stage renal disease (ESRD) so as to improve the renal functions. If the operation is successful, the transplanted kidney will replace the failed kidneys to work so that the patient has the chance of getting out of dialysis.
Deceased donor -- a person who has recently died and who has no known chronic kidney disease
Living related donor -- related to the person receiving the transplant, such as a parent, sibling, or child
Living unrelated donor -- such as a friend or spouse or kind people
The surgery risks include Bleeding and Infection.
The anesthesia risks include breathing problem and reactions to medications.
Side effects from medications used to prevent transplant rejection include increased risk for infections and damage to your liver or other organs.
Some other risks may include heart attack or stroke, wound infections or blood clots.
Waiting Time for New Kidney
The waiting time varies by many factors, such as age, rareness of genetic type and blood group etc. Usually, you have to wait at least 3 years, if you are listed for a deceased donor transplant. Patients who receive live donor kidney transplants usually have much shorter waiting times than those who receive kidneys from deceased donors.
Like other treatment for kidney diseases, kidney transplant requires a special diet as your guidelines. The length of time you must follow the special diet varies. Your progress will be followed closely, and your doctor and dietitian will change your diet as needed.
On average, 80% of people who receive a live donation will live more than 5 years, after receiving the donation. And about 70% of people who receive a donation from a recently deceased person will live for at least 5 years after receiving a donation.
Prognosis and Precautions
Take medicines to suppress your immune system, after the surgery.
Your body may try to reject your new kidneys, during the first 7 days to months after your surgery.
You will have to stay in the hospital for 7 to 10 days after you receive your new kidney.
Chronic rejection is a process of gradual, progressive loss of kidney function and can occur many months to several years after your surgery.
The success of kidney transplant can be influenced by many different factors:
Living donor kidney transplants are on average more successful than transplants from deceased donors.
Most kidneys that fail in the first year after transplant do so because of rejection
The patient’s physical condition plays an important role.
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