Stem Cell Therapy Delivers a Cure for People with Diabetes
Diabetes is a worldwide health issue and threatens more and more people’s life security. Insulin is the current treatment used to treat the disease but couldn’t deal with it completely. Islet transplantation becomes an effective approach for Diabetes Mellitus (DM), but has been conditioned because short supply of organ donator and rejection after surgery. Stem Cell Therapy, under such a condition, becomes a novel as well as perfect choice for people with Diabetes.
How Stem Cell Therapy treats Diabetes?
DM develops resulting from declined islet cell function or absolute lack of insulin secretion (Type 1 Diabetes) and relative lack of insulin secretion (Type 2 Diabetes) resulting from insulin resistance. On the basis of realizing its pathogenesis, Stem Cell Therapy is used for treating DM. the therapy could provide not just the exogenous stem cells, but also activates the endogenous stem cells in the body. Insufficient blood supply, disordered immune function and lack of nutrition are the internal changes in people with the disease. Stem cells are good at improving regeneration of blood vessels, regulating immune function, secreting growth and trophic factors needed by the body.
To be more specific, stem cells are injected into blood vessels through vein, they will travel through blood flow to the damaged part—pancreas. The mini-environment of impaired pancreas stimulates those stem cells to differentiate into islet cells. Those new islet cells will replace damaged islet beta-cell to secrete insulin and by this way, treating Diabetes from root cause. Stem Cell Therapy not only overcomes shortage of organ donators and rejection after transplantation, but also provides diabetics a novel treatment to fight against Diabetes.
Five types of stem cells are adopted in our stem cell center; the usage depends on patients’ illness conditions and general health condition. Umbilical cord and mesenchymal stem cells are the most common used types. Those two types of stem cells are all extracted from umbilical cord blood of healthy new-born, which obtain a pretty low immunogenicity and hardly to be recognized or rejected by one’s own immune system. Besides, those types of stem cells have a strong self-renewing ability and multi-differentiating potential which are beneficial to the treatments of Diabetes.
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