Polycystic Kidney Disease Basics: Risk Factors, Types and Diagnosis

Polycystic Kidney Disease Basics: Risk Factors, Types and Diagnosis Polycystic Kidney Disease refers to an illness condition in which various cysts in the kidneys. And today we mainly talk about its risk factors, types and diagnosis.

As a genetic disease, there is no cure for PKD until now. In most cases, the cysts are small. However, the cysts will experience a constant growth. In serious condition, it may progress into kidney failure.

Risk factors

Congenital factors, such as dysplasia and generic mutation.

Toxins: The excessive toxins accumulated in the body can cause damage to kidneys.

Infections: Various infections including urinary tract infection, upper respiratory tract infection, etc can lead to the changes of internal environment. In this condition, the growth of cysts will be increased.

Except for the above elements, unhealthy diet, drinking, smoking and bad mood can also lead to the growth of cysts.


In clinical, there are three types of PKD, read on and you can find the answer.

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease(ADPKD): This kind of PKD is inherited, and it makes up about 90% cases. Patients usually present symptoms at their 30s to 40s. If one of the parents has this disease, the possibility of having this disorder is 50% for the children.

Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease(ARPKD): Honestly speaking, it is a rare type of PKD and the symptoms often appear after their birth.

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease(ACKD): This form is non-inherited. It is often associated with dialysis and end-stage renal disease.


Before making diagnosis, you doctors may ask you some questions about the medical history. Such as, the symptoms, the medicines that you are taking and so on.

In general, the following diagnostic tests can be adopted, such as B ultrasound, CT scan and MRI. If the condition permits, a gene test may be recommended. Because more than six genes are able to cause different forms of PKD.

If you happen to be a person with Polycystic Kidney Disease, we are always here to help. Any doubts about this article, you are welcomed to email us:kidneyfight@hotmail.com or leave us a message below. Good luck!

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