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Frequent Ask Questions of Diabetes

What is blood sugar?

Blood sugar, also called blood glucose, is the energy source for not only cells, tissues, organs and the whole body system. Maintaining a balanced blood sugar level is vital to not only one’s health, but also one’s daily performance.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes, also called Diabetes Mellitus, describes an illness condition that your body fail to use insulin. The disease can be divided into two types: D1M (Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus) and D2M (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus).

Is Diabetes a family disease?

The disease can be genetic and passed on from the family members. Evidence-based data reveals that 20-30% of the diabetics have a family history. Whatever the D1M or D2M all share an obvious genetic tendency. The only one difference is D2M has a higher hereditary tendency compared with D1M. One thing I need to make it clear, that is the heredity of the disease is not the disease itself, but its susceptibility.

What about its damage?

DKA (diabetic ketoaicdosis), NHHDC (nonketotic hyperosmolar coma) and hypoglycemic coma are the most common as well as serious fatal complications.

85% of the Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus die from heart disease. What’s worse, the incidence rate of diabetics complicated with high blood pressure reaches up to 40%, which signal us that controlling the blood pressure is even crucial than regulating the blood sugar.

No less than 40% of the diabetics suffer from kidney disease. And one third of those patients develops End-stage Renal Failure and requires dialysis and kidney transplant. The number can be much higher because the living and eating habits changes in recent years accounting for more and more obesity.

Other serious complications coming from Diabetes also include diabetic eye disease, foot disease, phthisis, diabetic neuropathy and some others.

What’s the normal blood sugar level?

Fasting blood sugar: 6.1mmol/L (within eight hours without eating anything)

PBG (postprandial blood glucose): 7.8 mmol/L

tag: diabetes knowledge

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