Diabetic nephropathy patients need a strict diet to remit their symptoms and delay the development of the disease, including the low but high-quality protein intake, low fat intake, low sugar intake and so on. The strict diet can lead to insufficient calories intake to some extend. At the same time, the kidney disease patients always have fat metabolic disturbance, so diabetic nephropathy patients often suffer from weakness and poor immunity. It’s very crucial for the patients with diabetic nephropathy to absorb appropriate carbohydrate in order to make up for the loss of the calories.
The proper amount of carbohydrate intake plays a positive role in keeping the diabetic nephropathy patients from malnutrition. Related studies show that fermentable carbohydrate can stimulate large quantity of microorganism growth and propagating, which benefits the kidney disease patients by boosting waste products such as nitrogen to expel. Under the normal circumstances, the nitrogen is excreted out of body with the urine or manure, but the patient with kidney disease urinary output reduces, so the increase of the manure output helps to relieve their symptom for the nitrogen eliminated through this channel. In addition, the fermentable carbohydrate also helps the diabetic nephropathy patient to adjust the fat metabolic disturbance, lowering the serum cholesterol level. Therefore, it plays a significant role in lowering the risk of uremia and cardiac complications.
The fermentable carbohydrate refers to oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, excluding monosaccharide and disaccharide. The kidney disease patients are suggested to choose some foods which are low in protein but high in carbohydrate, such as the principal food made of the corn starch or lotus root starch. The common plant foods, particularly the fiber-rich foods are abundant in the fermentable carbohydrate. But some plant foods such as potatoes, celery, spinach and bananas and so on, are high in potassium that is unfavorable to the patients with the symptoms of high serum potassium. Please be careful to select the most suitable plant food for you.
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