For diabetic nephropathy patients, a scientific diet plan plays an important role in controlling the develop of the disease and remitting symptoms. Here will list seven elements for diabetic nephropathy patients diet.
1. Limit protein intake: generally speaking, the proper protein intake for diabetic nephropathy patients should be controlled in 0.6-0.8g/kg per day, in addition, patients should raise the percentage of high quality protein intake in the limited range. Foods containing high quality protein include milk, fish, lean meat and so on.
2. Heats: enough heats is necessary to support the normal activities of patients, avoiding the metabolism wastes of protein and fat which can heavier the kidney burden, and the heats intake should be controlled in 30-35 kilocalorie/kg per day. Patients can choose foods which are rich in heats and low in protein, such as potatoes, lotus root starch, bean vermicelli, taro, sweet potatoes, yams, pumpkin, water chestnut powder, water chestnut powder and so on.
3. Fat: patients also should the low fat intake, olive oil and peanut oil contain rich monounsaturated fatty acid which can be used by diabetic nephropathy patients.
4. Salt: limiting salt intake can remit complications such as edema, high blood pressure, hypourocrinia and so on. But if patients still are accompanied with nausea and vomiting or diarrhea, patients should not limit the salt intake, even need more.
5. Water: the proper water intake every day should be more than 500ml than the urination volume in yesterday. And patients accompanied with fever, vomiting or diarrhea need more fluids supply.
6. Potassium: for patients with normal blood potassium and more than 1000ml urination volume, they needn’t limit potassium intake. Patients with hyperkalemia should decrease the potassium intake which should be lower than 1500mg. Foods such like apple, pear, pineapple, watermelon, grapes, pumpkin, winter melon, gourd and so on are low in potassium, and foods are high in potassium include rape, spinach, leeks, tomato, kelp, banana, peach and so on. Patients should have a reasonable arrange for their diet.
7. Calcium and phosphorus: the ideal diet for diabetic nephropathy should be high calcium and low phosphorus.
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