If you are suffering from CKD, you had better follow a strict diet to help maintain a balance of electrolytes, minerals or fluids, and to stay away from waste build-up in your body.
Limit your protein intake
Lowering the protein intake will help your damaged kidneys to filter less waste so as to prevent more damages from occurring. The recommended dietary allowance to healthy person is 0.8 grams per kilogram. It is limited to 0.6 for people with CKD. Main sources of protein include meat, fish, eggs, beef and vegetables etc. Talk with your dietitian about how much protein you should consume every day, it is very important to monitor protein status by them.
The amount of calories intake varies from people to people. According to NKF, the amount should be 35 per kilogram per day. Get enough calories if you are losing weight, especially to people with diabetes. It is often found in carbohydrates, protein, fats and so on.
Restrict foods high in potassium, sodium, phosphorus etc.
Foods high in potassium are bananas, oranges, milk, prunes, nuts and beans.
Reducing sodium intake will help you control your high blood pressure. Less than 100 mg per serving is excellent.
High phosphorus foods include milk, beans, lima beans, chocolate, yogurt, cheese, liver and others.
You can drink as normal in the early stages of CKD, while fluid intake should be restricted as swelling occurs. The swelling in your face, ankles or feet can be a sign of fluid retention in your body. Carefully monitor your condition and keep close touch with your dietitian so that everything will be okay.
Take calcium supplement and vitamin to prevent bone disease or balance the electrolytes in your body. As for the details, ask your dietitian or doctor.
People with advanced CKD may suffer from anemia and need extra irons.
The diet is not a cure for CKD, it is more likely a way to slow down the progression. The diet alone is unable to reverse the kidney function or the damage, but it can help delay renal failure from happening. The diet should change along with the condition of your kidneys. Whatever changes you want to make, talk it over with your doctor or dietitian.
If you have been diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease, we're here to help. Call +86-18203203537 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.