Low Protein Diet for CKD Patients

Chronic Kidney Disease, or CKD, refers to a medical condition in which kidneys fail to work normally. In most cases, people with this disorder are suggested to follow a low-protein diet, then, why?

Why CKD Patients should follow a low-protein diet?

In normal case, to maintain the basic demand of physiological function, useful substances including protein, amino acids, etc can be absorbed and utilized by the human body. At the same time, after decomposition, waste products like blood urea nitrogen can be excreted out of the body.

Low Protein Diet for CKD PatientsHowever, in CKD, the impaired kidneys can not work adequately, therefore, metabolic products generated from protein like urea, creatinine, guanidines and so on will build up in the blood.

A low-protein diet can help reduce the generation and accumulation of protein catabolism, so as to lower the burden of impaired kidneys and slow down the progression of renal insufficiency.

When is the appropriate time to follow a low-protein diet?

Chronic kidney disease refers to a progressive kidney disorder, therefore, it is essential to take effective steps as early as possible. And the commonly accepted view is that as long as there is renal impairment should patients limit the ingestion of protein.

Considerations about low-protein diet

Generally, the ingestion of protein should be controlled within 0.6-0.8g/kg per body weight.

Supply enough high-quality protein foods(which accounts for 50% of low-protein diet), such as, milk, egg white, fish, lean meat and so on. Other types of protein can be obtained from whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.

In order to maintain the ideal body weight, it is recommend to guarantee 30-35 kcal/kg calory every day.

Besides, it is also necessary to supply 1g-1.5g calcium and adequate vitamins.

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