Chronic Kidney Disease Basics: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Chronic Kidney Disease Basics: Causes, Symptoms and DiagnosisChronic Kidney Disease, also known as CKD, refers to an illness condition in which kidneys fail to function well as they should. In this article, we are going to talk about its causes, symptoms and diagnosis. Read on and you will find the answer.

According to the GFR level, it can be divided into 5 stages. And a basic understanding about this disorder can be helpful during the whole treatment.


According to a research, the two leading causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure. And it usually takes up two-thirds of the cases. Except for the two causes, other factors can also contribute to this disorder. Such as: glomerulonephritis, immune disorders, repeated urinary tract infections, etc.


In the early stage, there are usually no obvious symptoms. As the disease progresses, patients may experience some of the following symptoms: fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle cramp, back pain, swelling, changes of urination, weight loss and so on.


If not controlled well, CKD will progress into kidney failure eventually. Under the circumstances, patients may be suggested to undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant. Therefore, early detection is very important. In general, patients may experience the following tests:

Calculation of GFR level: This method can be regarded as an important index to measure kidney function. Your doctor can calculate it from your blood creatinine, your age, race, gender and other factors.

Conventional test: In general, urine test, blood test, BUN test, etc can help identify how your kidneys are working.

MRI or Ultrasound: These tests can tell the sizes of your kidneys, a kidney stone or damages to your kidneys, etc. If you are interested in the individualized test, you can email and our doctors will reply as soon as possible.

If you happen to be a person with chronic kidney disease, we are always here to help. Any questions, you can leave us message below or consult with our online doctor directly. Good luck!


Previous: none

Next: CKD: How to Protect Renal Function

Leave a question or comment and we will try to attend to you shortly. Free medical answers from Professionals!